The Baroque Holy Ark of Trino Vercellese

Holy Ark of the Synagogue of Trino Vercellese, Piedmont, 1770s. Today in the Eretz Israel Museum, Tel Aviv.
Source: Wikipedia [he.wikipedia.org] / User: Michaeli / © This image is copyrighted. The copyright holder allows everyone to use the image for any purpose provided that the copyright holder is properly credited.

This stunning ark, a fine example of Piedmontese baroque woodworking, was created for the synagogue in Trino Vercellese in the late eighteenth century. Portions of the synagogue were designed by the Turin court architect Benedetto Alfieri, although the name of the cabinetmaker responsible for the ark remains unknown. The ark features rich carving, faux marble, and gilded details, and the architectural scene on its doors alludes to the Temple of Jerusalem.

The synagogue in Trino was one of several built in Piedmont in the baroque era, including those in Casale Monferrato and Biella. Today, according to most sources, the synagogue in Trino has been secularized, and its contents dismantled in 1965.

In 1973, the holy ark was acquired by the Eretz Israel Museum in Tel Aviv. There it was installed in a pavilion designed by the architect Werner Joseph Wittkower, the younger brother of the famous architectural historian Rudolf Wittkower, who was the leading international scholar of Piedmontese baroque art and architecture between 1945 and his death in 1971.

Around fifteen years ago, the museum undertook an extensive restoration of the ark. It was then reinstalled in the Ethnography and Folklore galleries of the museum in 2006-7, along with additional elements from the synagogue in Trino. As the Eretz Israel Museum website explains:

A Holy Ark, or Torah Shrine, as it was called by Italian Jews, complete with its original Torah lectern, worshipers’ benches, and the latticed railing from the women’s balcony, is situated in a separate hall built according to the original synagogue plans. The Baroque and Rococo style of the Ark is typical of the Piedmont district of northwestern Italy and represents an excellent example of the influence of local style on historical Jewish themes. The set of doors carved with architectural images symbolizing the Temple still to be built in Jerusalem is the highlight of the Ark, expressing the centrality of Jerusalem in Jewish tradition.

The Holy Ark of Trino Vercellese stands as an impressive witness to the malleability of the baroque style, demonstrating how it could transcend the Catholic propaganda so often ascribed to it.

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In solidarity with the Tree of Life Congregation, Pittsburgh. Stop the hate.

Histories in Conflict: Cities | Buildings | Landscapes

Jerusalem: panoramic view taken from the Mount of Olives, photograph by Joseph Philibert Girault de Prangey Source: Gallica / Bibliothèque nationale de France

Jerusalem: panoramic view taken from the Mount of Olives, photograph by Joseph Philibert Girault de Prangey
Source: Gallica / Bibliothèque nationale de France

EAHN 2017, Jerusalem: Call for Papers

Van Leer Jerusalem Institute, Jerusalem
13-15 June 2017

The European Architectural History Network is pleased to announce its Third Thematic Conference Urban Histories in Conflict. On the 50th anniversary of the Israeli occupation of East Jerusalem and the contentious unification it legislated, the conference aims to open up questions about the purpose of writing histories of urban conflicts. We ask how can historians account for the predicaments of violence and uneven distributions of power in the built environment, particularly in the face of current worldwide geo-political crises.

Download the full call for papers or consult the EAHN website for the latest conference updates.

Key Dates: abstract submission by 2 December 2016, full papers due by 1 May 2017.

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Reminder:

The EAHN Fifth International Meeting (Tallinn, 13-16 June 2018) Call for Session Proposals deadline is 12 December 2016. Download the call for sessions, or visit the conference website for more information.

Tallinn (Reval), by Matthäus Merian, 1640Source: ETH-Bibliothek Zürich, Bildarchiv / Fotograf: Unbekannt / Fel_038335-RE / Public Domain Mark

Tallinn (Reval), by Matthäus Merian, 1640
Source: ETH-Bibliothek Zürich, Bildarchiv / Fotograf: Unbekannt / Fel_038335-RE / Public Domain Mark